Lack of enough employment opportunities is a problem faced across the globe. This even according to the World Bank Report of July, North Africa: finding jobs for the 9.8 million young people entering the labour market between now and 2020 will require a new approach to economic growth says, “The fact is that though the supply of graduates has increased rapidly, economies remain focused on sectors of activity that are incapable of providing jobs that correspond to their level of studies, such as clothing and textiles or the mechanical industry.
They further say, “Tomorrow’s jobs must be mainly provided not in the public sector, which is often already saturated, but in the private sector and in particular in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).”
With all these obstacles, there is still a big hope; the role of the youth in any society is a specific hope and a basic step for the transforming society. Over the history, world transformations have been brought into being by the youth themselves.
Africa is one of the fastest growing regions in the world after escaping the worst of the global financial crisis – but the phenomenon of jobless growth combined with the world's youngest population threatens progress, according to the African Economic Outlook (AEO).
With the number of youths in Africa set to double by 2045, the lack of jobs for young people is "an immense challenge but [is] also the key to future prosperity", said the report, produced by the African Development Bank (AfDB), the OECD's development centre, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa and the UN Development Programme.