“Climate change is real, it is coming but we can mitigate a little of its effects,” said the former Director General for Conservation Union (IUCN), Julia Marton.
There once was a time when people thought of the environment, of its beauty; but now as the natural beauty of the earth that once was disappears, many people around the world have awoken to the realities of just how fragile our earth actually is.
How can the government heed to the environmentalists challenge to invest in future economic development technology as a mitigation strategy against the effects of climate change?
Central to this issue is pollution, which involves the introduction of harmful substances into the air, land, and water. Although pollution has been occurring throughout the earth’s history, the rate by which the human species have contributed to the amount of pollution that has entered our environment over the past several hundred years far exceeds the earth’s inherent ability to heal itself.
“We are using our atmosphere as dust bins,” noted Prof S.Odingo during the 22nd climate outlook for the Greater horn of Africa in 2008.
Along with pollution, the mass deforestation of the world’s old growth forests has also posed a growing problem to the health of our environment. The clearance of forests without sufficient reforestation has gradually worn down nature’s natural defense against air pollution, desertification, and soil nutrient loss to the point that we are now facing a future world without trees, which would ultimately mean a world without people.
So many millions of people in this vast and lovely Western and North Rift region do not have access to clean water and seeing women, children and water vendors walking for miles carrying heavy water canisters back to their families and market every single day of their lives is a very sobering sight.
Bore holes are drying, vegetables, onions and tomatoes are necking expensive to buy, there is no water.
Water has become a huge area of concern; water will be the next oil in terms of global scarcity and value. Some are fortunate to be self-sufficient with a bore hole drilled down to the vast under-earth aquifers that stem all the way from North Africa to the source of the River Nile. However, we still do not know how to save all the water we can and use rainwater captured via the gutters on our buildings for much of our water needs.
Water catchments are becoming increasingly degraded in Kenya while agricultural areas, industry and human population are steadily expanding. Therefore, human settlement coupled with deforestation and soil erosion has led to water and food shortages